On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, a 42-year-old black seamstress, refused to give up her seat on a crowded city bus. She was arrested and jailed.
A few days later Martin Luther King arrived in town to launch the Montgomery Bus Boycott. After 381 days, the Supreme Court ordered the city buses integrated.
This victory set in motion a campaign of protests, marches, strikes, boycotts and civil disobedience that destroyed Southern racial segregation forever.
Unfortunately, like so much of contemporary history it is pure bunk.
It has been known for years that Parks was a highly trained activist and her action was a long planned provocation.
From US left wing journal The Nation
Parks’ refusal to give up her seat on that bus was an intentional attempt to change a nation. At a time when the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was under attack in the segregated south, Parks was an elected official of her local NAACP branch from the 1940s on and an activist with Voters’ League, a pioneering voting rights group in Alabama.
Employed by Clifford and Virginia Durr, who were among the most outspoken white supporters of civil rights in the south, Parks was trained at the Highlander Folk School and acted as an informed and intentional activist.
It has been known for years that Parks, along with Martin Luther King, Ralph Abernethy and scores of other Civil Rights activists trained at the Communist Party run, Highlander Folk School in Tennessee.
Since her death in 2005, evidence has emerged that Parks not only carried out her act of civil disobedience under Communist guidance, but that she may have even been a covert Party member.
On October 25th 2005 someone posted this comment on leading US left wing blog, Daily Kos
Rosa Parks was a member of CPUSA.
I work for the PWW, the newspaper for the CPUSA, though I am not a member. I heard it from a national chair member that I work with. She may not have released that information widely, therefore it’s not the policy of the party to “out” her, nevertheless, it is true.
Interesting, but not proof.
More convincing evidence of Parks’ direct links with the CPUSA can be found in this article from the Peoples Weekly World of December 15th 2006 by Daniel Rubin, a member of the Education Commission of the CPUSA.
The article tells of a recent symposium on the life and work of leading US black Communist couple, James and Esther Jackson.
The symposium “James and Esther Jackson, the American Left and the Origins of the Modern Civil Rights Movement” at the Tamiment Library of New York University on Oct. 28 was an event of singular enlightenment and emotional impact. Three panels of academics and activists delivered papers illuminating the little-known lives of the Jacksons, their co-workers and the struggles in which they participated that helped shape developments in our country from the late 1930s to the present.
Some 250 students, historians, academics, colleagues and political leaders packed the library’s hall. Sam Webb, Communist Party USA national chair, and national board members and longtime friends of the Jacksons, Debbie Amis Bell and this writer, represented the CPUSA.
Michael Nash, Tamiment Library director, and others presented papers on the key role the Jacksons and other notables from the Young Communist League and CPUSA played in establishing and organizing the Youth Congress. The Youth Congress grew to 100,000 members throughout the South. They did voter registration and organized tobacco and other workers into unions.
The Youth Congress and other movements…were forerunners of the movement around the 1954 Supreme Court school desegregation decision, the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1956, and the civil rights revolution that began in 1960.
Rubin reveals what the symposium did not cover;
Aspects of the Jacksons’ lives mentioned only briefly or not at all included James Jackson’s role as CPUSA Southern Affairs secretary. At that time Jackson worked in close association with Rosa Parks, a relationship which had begun in the days of the Youth Congress and continued during the Montgomery Bus Boycott. As The Worker’s editor, Jackson worked with a number of the leaders of the civil rights revolution.
Interestingly, Rosa Parks spent from 1965 to 1988 working for CPUSA linked Michigan congressman, John Conyers. Conyers was a very close associate of Detroit mayor and covert CPUSA member, Coleman Young. According to Rubin;
Another interesting aspect was when Esther Jackson headed the Civil Rights Congress in Detroit and James Jackson was educational director of the party’s Ford autoworkers section, which had hundreds of members. The Jacksons forged a lifelong friendship with autoworker and several-term mayor of Detroit Coleman Young.
Like many “spontaneous” events of the last century, the US Civil Rights movement was planned, sparked, guided and controlled by the Communist movement.
Rosa Parks, brave and committed, though she undoubtedly was, was a pawn of the Party.
History books should acknowledge this fact.